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Presidential Decree No. 1185

FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES

WHEREAS, death and injury to persons and loss and damage to property by fire have reached alarming
proportion that the economic and social gains of the society are being continually undermined;

WHEREAS, in order to effect a meaningful reduction of the alarming fire losses, there is a need to develop
national consciousness and involvement of all persons in the prevention and suppression of fires;

WHEREAS, fire prevention and suppression require the adoption of uniform fire safety standards, the
incorporation of fire safety construction and provision of protective and safety devices in buildings and
structures;

WHEREAS, there is an urgent need for an agency primarily responsible for the implementation and
coordination of the activities of all sectors of society on fire safety, prevention and suppression;

WHEREAS, in order to effectively implement all efforts to minimize the occurrence of fires and their
destructive effects, full financial, equipment and personnel support by the government and the private sector
is necessary;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested
in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree as part of the law of the land the following:


Section 1.  Title.  This Decree and the Rules and Regulations for its implementation shall be known as the
“Fire Code of the Philippines” and shall hereinafter be referred to as the “Fire Code”.

Section 2.  Declaration of Policies.  The following are declared policies of the State:

(a) The government, with the cooperation of the private sector, shall develop and promulgate sets of
standards and regulations taking into consideration the latest development in fire technology suitable to
Philippine conditions;

(b) Fire prevention and fire safety shall be given equal, if not greater emphasis as the suppression or
extinguishment of fires.  Fire prevention education shall be undertaken continuously involving all sectors of
the community;

(c) The Fire Service of the Integrated National Police shall endeavor to respond to all fires before they reach
critical and conflagration stages.  Towards this end, the organization, administration and operation of the
Fire Service shall be improved and developed, its personnel and equipment augmented and effective fire
alarm systems set up; and

(d) The Fire Service shall be professionalized.  For this purpose, educational institutions shall endeavor to
include in their curricula, courses on fire technology and fire protection engineering.

Section 3.  Definition of Terms.  As used in this Fire Code, the following words and phrases shall mean and
be construed as indicated:

ABATEMENT Any act that would remove or neutralize a fire hazard.